Equality and Inequality

Throughout recorded time, and probably since the end of the Neolithic Age, there have been three kinds of people in the world, the High, the Middle, and the Low. They have been subdivided in many ways, they have borne countless different names, and their relative numbers, as well as their attitude towards one another, have varied from age to age: but the essential structure of society has never altered. Even after enormous upheavals and seemingly irrevocable changes, the same pattern has always reasserted itself, just as a gyroscope will always return to equilibnum, however far it is pushed one way or the other. The aims of these three groups are entirely irreconcilable. The aim of the High is to remain where they are. The aim of the Middle is to change places with the High. The aim of the Low, when they have an aim — for it is an abiding characteristic of the Low that they are too much crushed by drudgery to be more than intermittently conscious of anything outside their daily lives — is to abolish all distinctions and create a society in which all men shall be equal. Thus throughout history a struggle which is the same in its main outlines recurs over and over again. For long periods the High seem to be securely in power, but sooner or later there always comes a moment when they lose either their belief in themselves or their capacity to govern efficiently, or both. They are then overthrown by the Middle, who enlist the Low on their side by pretending to them that they are fighting for liberty and justice. As soon as they have reached their objective, the Middle thrust the Low back into their old position of servitude, and themselves become the High. Presently a new Middle group splits off from one of the other groups, or from both of them, and the struggle begins over again. Of the three groups, only the Low are never even temporarily successful in achieving their aims. It would be an exaggeration to say that throughout history there has been no progress of a material kind. Even today, in a period of decline, the average human being is physically better off than he was a few centuries ago. But no advance in wealth, no softening of manners, no reform or revolution has ever brought human equality a millimetre nearer. From the point of view of the Low, no historic change has ever meant much more than a change in the name of their masters.

(George Orwell – 1984)

On a related note –

All Right! That’s some self-publicity 😀


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About Jaya

Jaya Jha is an entrepreneur, a techie, a writer and a poet. She was born and brought up in various towns of Bihar and Jharkhand. A graduate of IIT Kanpur and IIM Lucknow, she realized early on that the corporate world was not her cup of tea. In 2008, she started Pothi.com, one of the first print-on-demand publishing platform in India. She currently lives in Bangalore and divides her time between writing and working on her company's latest product InstaScribe (http://instascribe.com) with a vision to make it the best e-book creation tool. Blog: https://jayajha.wordpress.com Twitter: @jayajha Facebook: http://facebook.com/MovingOnTheBook

14 thoughts on “Equality and Inequality

  1. Hmnnn

    Had read George Orwell about 20 years back. Fantastic. Eye-opening perspective.

    Know very little about you so any comment will at best be a guess.

    Still I do think that you have a great potential and there is no need to label yourself as a victim. It is a good, convenient, fashionable excuse. Self-pity is marvelous in any case. It helps you to procrastinate, reduces stress to perform. Takes away responsibilty and REALLY makes you happy in the short term. Read Eric Berne’s Games People Play – Got a wooden leg. It indeed is a manipulative game.

    Reading your blog, does not look that you are borne to play games. Give up the excuses, explanations, roles. Come out from behind the clouds, as Buddha said , and shine. Perform, excel, be your very best. Not because what is your past or how many wodden legs you got, but because to be at the best is your natural self, your inherent nature. Jaya = One who simply wins and not one who has to win because she was destined to be loser by nature and still won.

    It is tough for people from certain classes of society to come up. But this in no way suggests that you cannot come up as a person and be master of your own destiny, living your own dreams, the way you wish to. Irrespective of whether equality between classes reduces or not.

  2. Read these words (written by Orwell) again with no prejudices and I think u will feel itself that these are how much negative for humanism. For me too, these lines are crying itself that Orwell was a writer of negative ideas and had always trying to prove communism wrong (purposefully). very soon i will tell u about the concept of BIG BROTHER.

  3. Pushyamitra: For your comment on “Animal Farm” as well as this, all I have to say is that you are assuming that communism is something strictly positive and anything that speaks against it is strictly negative. In 20th century we have seen enough of ups, downs and realities that believing in such a black and white world is naive and archaic. Capitalism has its problems, but communism is by no means an upholder of humanity and human dignity either. If you term this “gray” view of world as “prejudiced”, then so be it. I consider the “black and white” view to be prejudiced instead.

  4. I am not saying communism is right. But if are creating something just for opposing an idea, for me that is negative work. he had always written to oppose the idea of equity(directly) and communism(indirectly). he had not creating any thing through his literature he was always written to destroy the idea of communism, because at that time US and many western country was in fever of fearness against communism.
    orwell said-
    sooner or later there always comes a moment when they lose either their belief in themselves or their capacity to govern efficiently, or both. They are then overthrown by the Middle, who enlist the Low on their side by pretending to them that they are fighting for liberty and justice. As soon as they have reached their objective, the Middle thrust the Low back into their old position of servitude, and themselves become the High.

    Does u feel this is right. Gandhji, martin luther king, jai prakash narayan, Gautam budh were not fight for being counted among HIGH. Even nelson mandle hadnot spent one third of his life in jail for being president of his country, during struggle he hadn’t thought about it. Bhagat singh and Chandrashekhar azad hadn’t given his life…they ware not making fool of lower class in the name of equity.

    Oh! it is too long.

    At last

    for me orwell had making fool of us by proving that idea of equity is impossible & useless thought. communism may be a flop formula but struggle for equity will not became outdated.



  5. Offo! If somebody is saying that “Equality does not get achieved” – it does not mean “Equality should not be achieved.” He is merely describing how things turn out and not how things should be. He is not saying human dignity is bad. He is not saying that idealists do not exist. In fact, in both his works there are idealists, who live by their standards even after the revolution. All he’s saying is that over time their ideas get suppressed by more selfish motives of certain people. And isn’t he correct? How many politicians in this country are living by the standards of Gandhi and Jai Prakash Narayan?

    But anyway. This is as simply as I can explain it. If you insist on having your weird interpretation let it be. But please do not write any more comments of this nature on my blog for Orwell. I have seen what you are saying and it does not make any sense at all. I do not want it plaguing the discussion of any other posts of mine.

    And just in case you do not think wikipedia is a selfish propaganda of capitalists as well, read about Orwell here – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Orwell


  6. if u haven’t courage to tolerate comments even (senseless) then why are u writing these in public.

    and this is cyber space. tumhare khala ka ghar nahi hai ki darwaja band kar lo.

    ur blogs are in public and i am writing comments not only for u but other readers too. when ever i feel i will write here what ever i think.

  7. Right Pushyamitra ! This is cyber space and that is why you can behave as you want, say whatever you want without any fear of consequences, without worry of observing even the basic manners. Pathetic ! Pray explain how is this blog public? Is it funded by public money? Can anybody come here and post? Is it something that is publicaly circulated? How in the name of God, is this public? Tumhaare ghar ki chaardeewari public property hai? Let me see how you react if somebody paints a advertisment on your outer wall.

    Aur agar yahi baat hai, to khala ka ghar to hai hi uski kyonki jab chahe tumhe laat maar ker bhaga sakti hai.

  8. One needs to be mindful of the following while posting on blogs:
    1. Courtesy and respect for others, even in a public place
    2. Thankfulness to someone who has initiated an interesting blog. In this fast paced world where one does not have time to call parents or say hi to kid, he/she spends good amount of time to go through intriguing and absorbing stuff here.
    3. The blog can always be made private or even stopped.

    Though not with reference to this blog or comments made here, I have seen a couple of cases where either blog owner or commenter has been slapped with heavy fines for unwarranted, afflictive, bothersome or false comments. A quick search on headlines of USA Today may provide good reference.

  9. Pushyamitra: Get that straight. The blog is a “moderated” space, even if writings are public. I can moderate comments and I will when I feel the need. You can waste your time if you like just to get the comments disapproved or deleted.

  10. Avikaar: About “Blogs can always be made private or even stopped”. Before that – comments can always be closed, moderated, deleted etc. That is what I do and will be doing. I am not closing my blog for any Tom, Dick and Harry who decides to get stupid, and then abusive.

  11. Hi,

    You guys discuss too much. It is really lucky to have so much time to discuss everything. About George Orwell – 1984, I will just say that to go to extreme on every point is just an aspect of human imagination. For some people, world is too bad and for some, it is heaven. Things are grey here most of the time.

    Things are both right and wrong with different perspectives and I can write here more complex statements from hundreds of books I have read( I am fond of reading since I was in class Seventh..).

    What you really face yourself is what matters. So stop preparing to live life and live it. Face the risk and follow yourself. Thats the way to learning. Hey ! whenever I say big things, I feel pressure on myself to perform. So I am stopping here.

    After a long, long time. I was totally tired of working. Very near the end of project( being a single person working on it:(). Missed a crucial deadline too. Chalta hain itna to(but I still feel very bad about it).

    It suddenly came to my mind to know what’s happening in the world. This is really a great place to know( and you feel saturated very soon.. very heavy talks 🙂 )

    Congrats Jaya.. for the new achievements. And stop thinking about everything that much. Take care of your health more. It will be more useful.

    Is it Joogle now??
    (Poor Joke .. sorry):)

    All the Best.


  12. I really wish I could find time out of cooking my dinner to write such a blog. I will really try hard in coming days. I was preparing a website too but it is still on my computer only.
    So many things .. state pending.

    Abhi saanso mein hain dum..
    Abhi chalne de sitam..


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