Deaoghar is a town (and headquarter of Deoghar district) in Jharkhand state. The place is famous for it’s temple dedicated to Lord Shiva. There is a group of temples around this one dedicated to several Gods and Godesses.
Every year, in the month of “Shravan” (around July-August), several devotees, including many kids and old people make a trip to this place to offer Lord Shiva the holy water. Lord Shiva himself is supposed to reside there. The devotees travel upto a place called Sultanganj. At that place the river Ganges takes a turn towards the north and hence is called “Uttarvahini Ganga“. From there, the devotees fetch the water. They walk the distance of around 105 kilometers to Deoghar barefooted to offer this water.
The temples are said to be built by Lord Vishwakarma, who is the God of what can be approximately called “Engineering” in Hindi Mythology.
Chapter – II
The story of Deoghar
The story is related to Ravana, the villain in the Ramayana. Though he made mistakes in his pride of power, he was actually a very learned person and had achieved his powers through nothing else but severe Tapasyas. Once, he pleased Lord Shiva with his long and single-minded Tapasya in Himalayas. Lord had no option but to appear before him and give him Vardaan (“giving Vardaan” means granting a wish). He promised to give him anything he wanted. On being told so, Ravana asked, as Vardaan, that Lord Shiva should reside in his kingdom, that is Lanka. Lord Shiva was puzzled. He could not have backed from his promise, but living in Lanka was not feasible for Him. He had to agree. But he told Ravana, that Ravana should himself carry him to Lanka in the form of a Shivlinga. And that he should not keep him on ground till he reahes Lanka. Or else, this shivalinga will get grounded whereever he puts it down. Ravana agreed and proceeded on his journey back to Lanka. By the time he reached Deoghar, he felt the urgent need to urinate. So, he looked around him and found a small boy. He asked the boy to hold the Shivalinga for him and strictly instructed him not to keep it on the ground. The boy agreed. Of course, this was all the trick of Lord Shiva. Ravana took a long time in urinating and it is said that he took such a long time that a water-body was formed out of it. It is still supposed to be there! Meanwhile, the boy felt that the weight of Shivalinga was continuously increasing. After a while, he found it impossible to carry it any longer. He left it on the ground and disappeared from the scene. When Ravana returned, he could do nothing as he had failed to keep his part of the promise. So, the Shivalinga got established there.
Then, Lord Shiva asked Lord Vishwakarma to create temples at the palce to suit the dignity of the Shivalinga. He had to do this work overnight as He could not have stayed on the earth during the day. He started out on it. He made temples dedicated to several Gods and Godesses. But by the time he started making the temple for himself, it was already dawn and he could not complete it. That temple is still lying incomplete.